Project Designation

SCALE – Scalable Centralized Grid Protection, Automation and Control

Project Code

N.º 47210

Beneficiary Entity

Efacec Energia, Máquinas e Equipamentos Eléctricos, S.A.

Region of Intervention

North, Centre


2021 – 2023 (30 months)

Approval Date


Start Date


End Date



  • Efacec Energia – Máquinas e Equipamentos Eléctricos S.A
  • INESC TEC – Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Tecnologia e Ciência
  • ARMIS – Sistemas de Informação, LDA
  • Instituto de Telecomunicações

Total Eligible Costs

2.124.949,10 €

Financial Support of the European Union

The project has received funding from the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER – Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional), via Operational Programme “Competitiveness and Internationalization” (POCI – Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização).

Why Scale?

The SCALE project will foster the growth of the national technical-scientific and engineering capacity to generate innovation and industrial development, combining business partners, EFACEC and ARMIS, with other predominantly scientific partners, INESC TEC and IT Aveiro, and involving the participation of a relevant partner company in the sector, E-REDES, as well as a non-business entity of the Research & Innovation system, INESC-ID. The pooling of skills of the participants will allow the overcoming of the current limitations of the sector, enhancing the value of the SCALE Consortium at national and international level.

General Goals

The SCALE project aims to develop a highly innovative solution for the control, management and monitoring of MV networks, with greater flexibility, reliability, security and autonomy, based on a centralised solution for the protection, automation and control of HV/MV digital substations of the future.

This new approach presents a disruptive alternative for the development of digital substations, compared to the PAC products and solutions currently applied in the industry, enabling what will certainly be the substation of the future.

The SCALE project thus presents seven specific goals:

  1. Develop and demonstrate a centralised protection, automation and control infrastructure, supported on a generic hardware platform and virtualisation solutions. The solution will integrate management software for multiple virtual IEDs, with the aim of replacing secondary equipment in substations in a Smart Grid context;
  2. To design a new merging unit type product, including sensing and actuation at the process level, following a low-cost approach, and able to provide optimised advanced communications based on IEC 61850 standards;
  3. To develop components integrated with the infrastructure software, and to define test methodologies that make possible to guarantee, within this same centralised infrastructure, the security of access, data and communications;
  4. Develop advanced functionalities for advanced and distributed protection and automation of the MV network that contribute to the active and secure management of the grid in scenarios of high integration of renewable resources. The proposed functionalities will allow reducing the service restoration time as well as the customers affected by service interruptions;
  5. Specify appropriate methods for testing and commissioning of the proposed centralized solution;
  6. Validate and demonstrate, in an advanced simulation environment and in a real network, a set of new approaches to the protection of primary assets in substations, supported by the CPC (Centralized Protection and Control) infrastructure, namely in adaptive and self-healing applications;
  7. To evaluate the impact, technically and economically, of the project implementation and the results achieved in the sector, materialising a first industrial pilot solution.

Main Goal

The SCALE project aims the development of a platform for digital distribution substation that allows the control, monitoring and protection of medium voltage (MV) energy grid in a centralised approach. This solution challenges not only current digital substation architectures, based on optical communications, but also other key issues, such as cloud-based infrastructures and solutions, big data and data privacy. The solution to be developed will therefore consist of an innovative architecture with a high added value compared to the current systems available.



Activities Status
1 Base Studies and Research concluded
2 Requirements and Technical Specifications concluded
3 Technical and Market Feasibility Studies concluded
4 Development of the CPC System and Network Automation Functionalities concluded
5 Experimental Proof of Concept in Laboratory Environment concluded
6 Integration and Demonstration in Relevant Environment concluded
7 Dissemination and Valorization of Results concluded
8 Project Management concluded
Milestone Title Date Status
M1 Completion of the study and basic research Month 4 concluded
M2.1 Definition of technologies to be used Month 7 concluded
M2.2 Specification and requirements of the solution Month 9 concluded
M3 Proofs of concept Month 11 concluded
M4 Prototypes of the various technologies and integrated prototype of the CPC Month 21 concluded
M5.1 Conclusion of laboratory tests Month 22 concluded
M5.2 Final report of laboratory tests Month 27 concluded
M6.1 Implementation of the pilot – Commissioning Month 23
M6.2 Conclusion of pilot monitoring Month 30


Deliverable No. Activity No. Deliverable Title Dissemination Level
E1.1 A1 International state-of-the-art report on technologies, standards and industry requirements Confidential PDF
E1.2 A1 Identification of use cases and requirements of the DAS-based PACS Public PDF
E2.1 A2 Specification of PACS architecture and MV network automation Confidential PDF
E2.2 A2 Requirements and detailed technical specifications of IED virtualization Confidential PDF
E2.3 A2 Requirements and detailed technical specifications of the communications module Confidential PDF
E2.4 A2 Requirements and detailed technical specifications of applicable cybersecurity Confidential PDF
E2.5 A2 Technical specification of the MV network automation and adaptive protection functions Confidential
E3.1 A3 Proof of concept of real-time virtualization Confidential
E3.2 A3 Proof of concept of the communications module, Merging unit and Process Interface Unit Confidential PDF
E3.3 A3 Technical, economic and market feasibility studies of the proposed solution Confidential
E3.4 A3 Comparative analysis of machine learning techniques for advanced functionalities Confidential
E4.1 A4 Virtualization of IEDs for CPC product Confidential
E4.2 A4 Communications module for CPC product Confidential
E4.3 A4 Security module for CPC Confidential
E4.4 A4 New product(s) Merging unit and Process Interface Unit Confidential
E4.5 A4 New advanced protection applications for CPC product Confidential
E4.6 A4 Methodology for deployment and configuration Public
E4.7 A4 Installation level product: Technical management SW Public
E5.1 A5 PHIL test infrastructure and specification of test schemes and methodologies Public
E5.2 A5 Product laboratory tests reports Confidential
E6.1 A6 Specification and design of the pilot system and test plan in the HV/MV Substation and MV network Confidential
E6.2 A6 SAT test results reports from pilot system (verification and validation) Confidential
E6.3 A6 Reports on periodic tests to analyse the behaviour of the system (verification and validation) Confidential
E7.1 A7 Product technical documentation Public
E7.2 A7 Multiple promotional actions Public
E7.3 A7.2 Open-access publishing Public
E7.4 A7 Papers in technical-scientific and industrial conferences Public
E8.1 A8 Intermediate and final project reports Confidential


Technology Partners


Lourenço Antunes
Lourenço AntunesProject Manager
Ana Cristina Aleixo
Ana Cristina AleixoProject Manager